Rare creatures found in deep-sea volcanoes.


Undiscovered organisms in the depths of the ocean may sound like something straight out of a sci-fi horror film, but a 2020 deep-sea volcano near New Zealand, published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. Hydrothermal vents, like deep-sea volcanoes, are found and related to the origin of life and the formation of rare species A team of British scientists has captured images of the most inaccessible parts of the Indian ocean

Scientists believe that 80 percent of the volcanic eruptions on Earth take place in the ocean. Most of these volcanoes are thousands of feet deep, and difficult to find. ... Nearly 4000 feet below the surface of the Pacific Ocean – in an area between Samoa, Fiji, and Tonga - the West Mata volcano was discovered.

Some species found are as follows: - 
  • Yeti crabs

  • Scaly foot snails

  • Sea cucumbers.

Many submarine volcanoes are located near areas of tectonic plate formation, known as mid-ocean ridges. The volcanoes at mid-ocean ridges alone are estimated to account for 75% of the magma output on Earth.

The Kolumbo submarine volcano in the Aegean Sea was discovered in 1650 when it erupted, killing 70 people on the nearby island of Santorini.

On marine animals and ecosystems, the volume and composition of the lave flow can also be estimated and built into a model to extrapolate potential effects

Dr. Jon Copley, I  the chief scientist of the Indian Ocean vents project, said: "This place is a real crossroads in terms of the vent species around the world went on the first minisub dive to the world's deepest hydrothermal vents (hot springs 5 km / 3.1 miles down on the ocean floor) and the first minisub dives to reach 1 km (0.62 miles) deep in the Antarctic.

Putting together a timeline of events in the history of exploring the deep ocean for the Monsters Of The Deep exhibition at the National Maritime Museum, and this has grown from there. 

Some of the events in recent decades are also ones in which I was involved, not to claim any significance for them, but as examples of how we are still making plenty of discoveries. There is more going on in exploring the ocean at the moment than any other time in history, and browsing through some of the highlights of deep-sea exploration should give pause for thought about the often-repeated hyperbole that "we know more about [somewhere else in the Solar System] than the deep ocean".
Some many facts and mysteries are still underwater and need to be bought to the surface

~ Gaurav Kharpude

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